Fluctuating Weight Risks: How Yo-Yo Dieting Could Affect The Body

From Medical Daily
Experts suggest that constantly gaining and losing weight could damage endothelial cells, possibly explaining the association with heart problems.

People who experience strong fluctuations in weight among other measurements were linked to an elevated risk of heart problems and death from any cause. This was when they were compared to people whose measurements were more stable over the years.

The study titled "Associations of Variability in Blood Pressure, Glucose, and Cholesterol Concentrations, and Body Mass Index with Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes in the General Population" was published in the journal Circulation on Oct. 1.

Researchers from the Catholic University of Korea in Seoul examined a large collection of national data on 6,748,773 individuals. None of them were found to have previous heart attacks, diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol at the beginning of the study.

From 2005 to 2012, all the participants underwent at least three health examinations that involved measurements of their body weight, fasting blood sugar, systolic (top number) blood pressure and total cholesterol.

Compared to those whose measurements were relatively stable throughout the period, those who experienced the highest amount of variability (i.e. fluctuations in their measurements) were 127 percent more likely to die, 43 percent more likely to have a heart attack, and 41 percent more likely to have a stroke.

According to senior author Dr. Seung-Hwan Lee, doctors should not only note fluctuations in body weight but also pay attention to variability in measurements of blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose levels. "Trying to stabilize these measurements may be an important step in helping them improve their health," the professor said.

The study was observational, which means they could not prove whether the fluctuations were directly responsible for the increased risk of heart problems and death from any cause.

But similar research from the past has also found a correlation, seemingly independent of traditional risk factors. Experts say this could be explained by the effect on endothelial cells which become damaged when the body loses and gains weight frequently. In turn, this affects the way blood flows through the vessels, increasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

The process of losing and gaining weight in such a manner is known as weight cycling, typically a result of yo-yo dieting. This eating pattern is not endorsed by some health researchers as it has been linked to a number of harmful side effects.

For example, an Australian study suggested yo-yo dieting could cause changes in the composition of our gut microbiota. In the long run, such disruption may affect metabolism, immunity, and increase the risk of chronic conditions like inflammatory bowel disease. Another study suggested that bone loss could occur in postmenopausal women and the density may not return even after they gain the weight back.

Psychological well-being may also suffer as the individual may feel frustrated, almost as if they are constantly failing to keep their weight steady. And since this pattern could involve a cycle of deprivation and binge-eating, susceptible individuals are at risk of developing an eating disorder.

However, one review does state that there is insufficient evidence on the harms of weight cycling, as most studies are observational or tend to involve rodents. Since there is no single definition of what constitutes weight cycling, researchers find it challenging to outline the specific effects of yo-yo eating patterns.

See more at: Medical Daily


|Featured Content_$type=three$c=6$l=0$m=0$s=hide$rm=0

Made with in NYC

dearJulius.com: Fluctuating Weight Risks: How Yo-Yo Dieting Could Affect The Body
Fluctuating Weight Risks: How Yo-Yo Dieting Could Affect The Body
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Read More Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED STEP 1: Share to a social network STEP 2: Click the link on your social network Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy